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    Are Foreign Exchange Brokers a Scam?

    Abstract:Is Forex a Safe Investment? Distinguishing Fact from Fiction A marketplace that facilitates the conversion of foreign currencies is desperately needed in our world of nation-states. This is the world's largest market, with over $4 trillion in money traded every day, with the majority of transactions being the US dollar. Some might wonder if this market is "genuine." It is undeniably true, and many of the players have a commercial requirement to exchange currencies as part of their day-to-day operations. However, much, if not all, of the funds traded are done so as speculative activities by banks and other huge financial entities, which some feel is unethical. This high loss rate, however, is not due to broker dishonesty, but is a natural feature of the market

      speculating game. Of However, many Forex brokers cover their risk by netting out their clients' open transactions and duplicating that “position” at least partially in the real Forex market, so the tale is a little more complex than it appears at first. Many Forex brokers claim to use a different model, such as ECN or STP, but it's likely that they benefit in some way from their clients' net losses, rather than just the bid-ask spread and other execution or trading Forex costs. To be honest, financial regulators should probably be looking into this more closely.

       The key question is whether or not the typical retail Forex broker outlined in the preceding paragraph is legal. It may be argued, persuasively in my opinion, that as long as the broker gives a fair price, respects its bets, and pays out winners while operating honestly in general, it is lawful, as no one is being treated unfairly or deceived in any manner. Nobody is pushing their customers to trade (or wager, if you prefer that phrase) – although the increased acknowledgement of problem gambling as a mental disease may bring that into doubt.

       If you agree with my argument, the next thing you should consider is whether Forex brokers meet this requirement. Obviously, a Forex scam is one in which a broker utilizes deception to cause its clients to lose money unfairly, or simply refuses to pay out. In the next sections of this essay, I will look at the numerous scams that some brokers employ to benefit unfairly at the cost of their consumers, but first, I want to emphasize that there are plenty of Forex brokers who do not. I'll also look at some of the frauds perpetrated by people who aren't brokers in the Forex market. If you understand these Forex scam strategies, you should be able to detect businesses that use them more easily and avoid them if you decide to start trading Forex.

       Scams involving forex brokers

      Forex brokers are by far the most prevalent target of scams in the forex market. Before I go over the biggest frauds, I want to clarify what a scam is. Is someone attempting to con you by offering to sell you a can of Coca-Cola for $10, for example? They are being open and honest about the product and its cost. If you have access to a store that sells the identical drink at a significantly lower market price and you know what that price is, you are arguably not being conned. You have the option to purchase something else. This principle might be used to Forex brokers that demand exorbitant fees while being transparent about them. A genuine Forex con entails some kind of deceit. However, it is true that Forex brokers who impose exorbitant fees frequently go to great lengths to conceal them. If this is a scam, it is unquestionably the most common one committed by Forex brokers against their clients. There are a couple of other types of broker scams worth discussing.

       The Scam of the Point-Spread

      Between the bid and ask, all brokers offer prices with a “spread,” or points (the prices at which clients can buy or sell). Forex brokers nearly always have a pricing difference between them, which is a source of profit for market makers, and this is considered as perfectly legal across the brokerage industry. Unfortunately, some Forex brokers either charge exorbitant spreads all of the time or abruptly widen the reported spread considerably. The latter is perhaps the more deceptive, as it is untruthful if it does not represent market circumstances, which can sometimes explain extremely broad spreads that are generated by illiquid market conditions.

       Stop Hunting

      This has something to do with the point-spread con. Hard stop losses are used by the majority of Forex traders, and their Forex brokers can see where those stops are, which often cluster together at obvious levels. Imagine a broker's software seeing a significant order cluster and informing them that if the EUR/USD currency pair trades 5 pips lower than the current market price, their clients would lose $50,000 - which the broker will pocket as profit. Keep in mind that the quoted price is also within the control of the broker! The broker may be tempted to widen the spread by quoting a 5 pips lower ask price for a split second and then immediately normalizing the spread. Only the most shady brokers do this since it is so obvious to a trained eye when it occurs, but a broker may be able to use a news release or other spread-widening event as cover in cases when the fraud is less obvious. It's crucial to realize, though, that normal market spreads sometimes expand unexpectedly to remove clusters of stops in the actual market, but if you see this happen frequently for no apparent reason, you're seeing a scam broker in work.

       When brokers intentionally widen spreads, they face the risk of being arbitraged for a loss, making this a risky fraud to conduct. Brokers may protect against this by rejecting trade submissions at that moment, but this is also clearly detectable and suspicious, which takes us to the next Forex scam on my list.

       Requotes/Taking a Market Offline

      Short-term Forex price movement is difficult to anticipate most of the time, but there are times when it becomes far more probable to go in one way than the other. Because most Forex brokers earn when their clients lose, they lose when their clients profit, and scam brokers may try to prevent their clients from initiating such a transaction at these times. The easiest approach to accomplish this is to simply halt trading in that market, which can trap clients with open positions in their transactions with no way out. When doing so, brokers frequently claim that they are unable to trade owing to market circumstances or insufficient liquidity at their liquidity partners.

       If a broker does this more than once while other brokers continue to offer reasonably typical trading in the same asset, you are most likely seeing a fraud.

       The “requote,” which occurs after a trade entry or exit attempt is refused by the broker, is a similar Forex fraud. This is a rare occurrence nowadays. A sluggish internet connection might sometimes be the culprit. Brokers have the ability to reject contracts if they believe the market price will swiftly shift against the customer.

       Using Bonuses to Set You Up for Failure

      Forex brokers regulated outside of the European Union are permitted to provide “bonuses,” which are often given after a new client makes their first deposit. This appears to be too good to be true, and it almost always is. The fine print on the bonus normally states that the money cannot be withdrawn until the client has completed a certain number of transactions. Because most clients lose money, the more they trade, the more they lose, a bonus usually causes a client to lose money faster.

       Overnight Fees That Are Excessive

      Almost every Forex broker pays or charges “swap” on any holdings held open by a non-Islamic account after the New York closure, often known as the “rollover.” The precise price or payment is based on “tom-next” rates, which are determined by interest rate differentials between the two currencies that make up a Forex pair or cross. Some brokers, on the other hand, levy overnight costs on both long and short positions in the same currency, or on fees that are not justified by the current tom-next rates in the actual Forex market. Many merchants are unaware of these fees or accept them as a necessary expense of doing business. Brokers may use this Forex fraud to diminish the advantage that may be earned by keeping long-term positions that follow multi-month Forex trends.


      Many individuals believe that the whole retail Forex market is a rip-off. This is not true, but the sector does attract con artists, and there are a slew of dubious Forex brokers vying for your money. Many people also believe that trading Forex is difficult since the system is stacked against them. Making money trading Forex is difficult, and the vast majority of those who do it fail. It is feasible, however, to make a profit and withdraw it effectively provided you choose a reliable and honest broker.

      Look for a reliable Forex broker that has been approved by a major industry regulator. You should also study reliable broker reviews, which can safeguard you by providing the facts about the broker's services, which are frequently difficult to learn simply reading the broker's website or advertising.

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